Unit 2 – Computer Science Fundamentals

Question 1:

When exploring cyber security, cyber awareness and cyber safety, some of the key differences include cyber security focusing solely on the computers, networks, programs and data through skilled professionals, strong testing procedures,  innovations and maintaining secure technology and systems. Cyber awareness; building our knowledge, attitudes and behaviours in protecting ourselves online by creating strong passwords, use/misuse of data, cyberattack awareness, knowing online data is permanent and up to date policies and procedures. When examining cyber safety, the focus of this is managing and collaborating online safely and responsibly by citing original authors, collaborating responsibly, sharing thoughtfully, considering ‘digital footprint’, applying a code of ethics, applying safe settings and being careful with devices and tools. These three cyber analogy’s stem off one another, beginning with cyber safety (i.e. how you can be safe online), and then extending further on what occurs at a higher level to protect our information online, for example, skilled professionals to design technology and systems to prevent attacks and leakages of private information. All three key terms play a detrimental role in students experiences online, through the knowledge and understanding they have of what it means to be safe online, and how to be safe.

These key terms should be taught in the classroom as they are fundamental to the understanding of cyber knowledge and why it is important to not provide your private information online, unless given consent from a trustworthy adult. Due to technology evolving, students need to be made aware of the affects providing private information online can cause, and how easy personal information can be accessed. At an early age, students should be exposed to these three key terms, outlining preventative measures that can be undertaken to ensure they remain safe and cared for online. Educating students on the importance of being cyber safe will enable them to manage and collaborate online safely and responsibly, understanding what is safe, and what is not safe. Making students aware of how to be cyber safe by creating strong passwords will enable them to stay protected against hackers, and be aware of cyberattacks and how they come about. Educating students on the fact that online data is permanent will make them aware of the implications that data may have in the future (e.g. applying for a job). Ensuring students have an understanding of what is undertaken to maintain secure technology and systems by skilled professionals will enable them to realise the measures taken to be cyber safe. This allows for students to understand ways in which they can be cyber safe and protect themselves online. It is crucial we educate students on the importance of being cyber safe like we educate them on being safe in the real world (e.g. do not talk to strangers). Placing the image above in classrooms will educate students on how to be cyber safe and remind them, regularly, of preventative measures and ways to be safe. This will enable students to stay protected, and use resources online safely and responsibly.


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  1. 1
    Mrs A Manson

    Hi Nicole

    I agree that it is so important to teach primary school children about cyber ‘stranger danger’. I teach in a high school and we tend to teach this in our welfare lessons. So many teenagers really don’t realise that they are publishing permanent posts on their social media. They somehow believe that it is private. We tell them not to put anything online that they don’t want their future employers or partners or relatives to find.

    What usually creeps them out is when we tell them that the 15 year old boy they think that they are talking to, could in fact be a 50 year old stranger with inappropriate motives.

    best wishes