Unit 2 – question 1

– Cyber security is the practice of protecting computers, networks, programs, and data from digital attacks through security design, security controls and protection, security awareness and user behaviour.

Cyber security refers to the physical operation of the networks and computers over which the internet is delivered.

If a hacker obtains remote control of your computer and alters lines of code in its operating system; if a company’s network fails because hundreds of thousands or even millions of messages are directed at it by computers around the world; if a virus freezes all your data and criminals then contact you offering to unfreeze the data if you pay a ransom – those are all cybersecurity issues


– Cyber safety (or internet safety, online safety and e-safety) is the safe and responsible use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). It’s the idea that we are to behave as good digital citizens when interacting and collaborating in an online space and using technologies.

Cyber safety involves the knowledge and skills we can adopt to ensure we behave safely and responsibly online.

cyber safety concerns the emotional and psychological impact of what you see, read and hear online.

If a teenager receives Facebook or Instagram messages from people she knows at school, telling her she is stupid or ugly or she should kill herself – that is a cyber safety issue. If a child sees age-inappropriate sexual or violent content online – that is a cyber safety issue. If an adult finds that a former partner has posted pictures of him or her naked on social media or on a pornographic website – that is a cyber safety issue.

Being cyber safe means meeting appropriate standards of behaviour in the content we put on the internet, knowing how to avoid harmful interactions online, and being equipped to seek help if things aren’t right.

– Cyber awareness is just as important as cyber security to understand the potential threats to safety and the knowledge and skills of users to avoid these threats.

So, put simply:

– Cyber security means protecting data and information networks

– Cyber safety means protecting users from harmful online content

– One way to increase cyber awareness is through education and policy. This can be education and policies in schools, workplaces or the classroom.


I think firstly I should teach and raise the students’ awareness of cyber, so that they can know how important of cyber security while using the internet for example they should use 2-factors of authentication or use stronger passwords. Then, I’ll tell them deeply about cyber security and cyber safety.



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