In the context of cyber security, you may have heard various terms such as ‘cyber awareness’, ‘cyber safety’, ‘information security’ and ‘e-safety’ being used. Some of these terms are used interchangeably to refer to the same idea, however, each also has their own specific focus.
- Cyber Security
Cyber security is the practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. It’s also known as information technology security or electronic information security. The term applies in a variety of contexts, from business to mobile computing, and can be divided into a few common categories.
- cyber awareness
Cyber security awareness refers to how much end-users know about the cyber security threats their networks face, the risks they introduce and mitigating security best practices to guide their behavior. End users are considered the weakest link and the primary vulnerability within a network. Since end-users are a major vulnerability, technical means to improve security are not enough. Organizations could also seek to reduce the risk of the human element (end users). This could be accomplished by providing security best practice guidance for end users’ awareness of cyber security. Employees could be taught about common threats and how to avoid or mitigate them.
Cyber security awareness among your users will undoubtedly help to prevent more cyber security threats. Email-borne threats have always targeted human beings, duping them into clicking on links, opening attachments or providing passwords and personal information that can be used to penetrate cyber security defenses. It doesn’t matter how much you’ve invested in the latest cyber security tools or the most sophisticated cyber security strategies – if your users can’t spot a suspicious link or a fraudulent email, your defenses are likely to be compromised.
- Cyber safety
Cyber safety is the act of maximizing a user’s awareness of personal safety and security risks to private information and property associated with using the internet, and the self-protection from computer crime, is the safe and responsible use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). It’s the idea that we are to behave as good digital citizens when interacting and collaborating in an online space and using technologies.
Cyber safety involves the knowledge and skills we can adopt to ensure we behave safely and responsibly online.
* As a high school teacher, I will apply my knowledge of cyber security, cyber awareness and cyber safety in the lesson “computer networks” of grade 10 informatics.
From there, introduce and guide them to gain knowledge about network security, how to use the Internet, email, and some personal accounts properly to ensure cyber safety.
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